SEmG

Railway Structures
Stone

Stone was widely used for construction of railway bridges and other structures, but not in South East England because of lack of suitable material. The only local stone available in any quantity is Kentish ragstone and Sussex flint. Flint was quite widely used for buildings, but rarely for structures, other than as a decorative feature.
 
Blowers Hill bridge, Cowden Blowers Hill bridge, Cowden, photographed on 25th August 2007.

photograph by Gregory Beecroft

 
Blowers Hill bridge, Cowden.

photograph by Gregory Beecroft

Blowers Hill bridge, Cowden

Where stone was found it was often of poor quality. This is demonstrated by Blowers Hill bridge at Cowden station, where extensive repairs with brick have been necessary. This is also reflects the lack of availability of suitable stone in the area.

Chesworth Lane bridge, Horsham Chesworth Lane bridge, Horsham, photographed on 6th October 2007.

photograph by Gregory Beecroft

 
Station Road bridge, Pulborough, photographed on 6th October 2007.

photograph by Gregory Beecroft

Station Road bridge, Pulborough

Stone bridges on the Mid Sussex Railway between Horsham and Petworth have also required repairs. Chesworth Lane bridge, Horsham (left) and Station Road bridge, Pulborough (right) have both been reinforced with concrete.

Church Place bridge, Pulborough Church Place bridge, Pulborough, photographed on 6th October 2007.

photograph by Gregory Beecroft

 
Worthing Road bridge, Horsham, photographed on 6th October 2007.

photograph by Gregory Beecroft

Worthing Road bridge, Horsham

However, several Mid Sussex stone overbridges survive less altered, including those at Church Place, Pulborough (above left) and Worthing Road, Horsham (above right). In both cases the brick arch rings are original, but the bridge at Pulborough has had its parapets rebuilt in brick.

Birchstone Bridge, Kingscote Birchstone Bridge, Kingscote, photographed on 20th October 2010.

photograph by Dave Bowles

Another surviving stone bridge, also with brick arch rings, is this one just to the south of Kingscote station on the Bluebell line.

Bridge 187, Dunton Green, photographed on 6th November 2008.

photograph by Gregory Beecroft

Bridge 187, Dunton Green

Another stone bridge that has required extensive reconstruction is number 187, north of Dunton Green, where a brick arch has been inserted to support the original structure.

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This page was created 22 November 2010

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