SEmG

Adams X2/T6 Class 4-4-0

Although with two designations, X2 and T6, and some differencies these two classes were considered to be one class with driving of 7ft 1ins. The first X2 left Nine Elms in June 1890, to be followed by nineteen more by May 1892. Then in the September 1895 the first of the T6 engines left the works to be followed by another nine by May 1896, making an overall total of thirty engines. These engines, together with the T3 class and X6 class 4-4-0s, were very successful locomotives lasting well into Southern Railway days, with the final withdrawal not taking place until 1945. These four classes represented the pinnacle of Adam's career and were at least on a par with, and in many cases better than, contemporary locomotives of other lines. They had a suspension that minimised the tendency for outside cylinder locomotives to be unsteady which, together with their long wheelbase, did in fact lead to very smooth running. When the equalizing beams were removed later in their lives the running was considerably impaired.
 
E578 and E560

photograph: Mike Morant collection

X2 class NºE578 piloting T3 class NºE560 on a double-headed train at Basingstoke in early Southern Railway days.

 
The build of the first twenty locomotives did vary a bit with the second ten, numbers 587 to 596, built to order F3, though still designated as class X2. The only differences being the first five 'X2' engines had separate splasher casings whilst the remaining fifteen engines had small segmental covers enclosing the top centres of their coupling rods. Unlike previous Adams locomotives, these had their sandboxes beneath the footplate and a rather ornate rendering of the company's intertwined initials on the front splasher.
 

Technical Details

Introduced:
Driving Wheel:
Bogie Wheel:
Length:
Weight:
Water Capacity:
Cylinders (2):
Boiler Pressure:
Tractive Effort:
Coal Capacity:
Urie Power Classification:

X2

1890
7 ft 1ins
3 ft 7ins
53 ft 8 3/8 ins
81 tons 17½ cwt
3,300 gals
19 in x 26 in
175 lb sq in
22,150 lbs
5 tons
I

T6

1895
7 ft 1ins
3 ft 7ins
54 ft 5 5/8 ins
83 tons 6½ cwt
3,300 gals
19 in x 26 in
175 lb sq in
22,150 lbs
5 tons
I
 
LSWR/SR Nº # Class Built Order Nº Withdrawn
577 X2 Jun 1890 X2-1 Feb 1933
578 X2 Dec 1890 X2-2 Feb 1933
579 X2 Dec 1890 X2-3 May 1932
580 X2 Dec 1890 X2-4 Feb 1933
581 X2 Dec 1890 X2-5 Jan 1932
582 X2 Mar 1891 X2-6 Mar 1931
583 X2 Apr 1891 X2-7 Jan 1931
584 X2 Apr 1891 X2-8 Sep 1933
585 X2 May 1891 X2-9 Sep 1931
586 X2 May 1891 X2-10 Nov 1942
587 X2 Oct 1891 F3-1 Aug 1937
588 X2 Nov 1891 F3-2 Mar 1932
589 X2 Nov 1891 F3-3 May 1931
590 X2 Dec 1891 F3-4 Apr 1937
591 X2 Dec 1891 F3-5 May 1931
592 X2 Mar 1892 F3-6 Dec 1936
593 X2 Mar 1892 F3-7 Jul 1931
594 X2 Mar 1892 F3-8 May 1931
595 X2 Apr 1892 F3-9 Dec 1930
596 X2 May 1892 F3-10 May 1931
677 T6 Sep 1895 T6-1 Feb 1933
678 T6 Oct 1895 T6-2 May 1936
679 T6 Nov 1895 T6-3 Apr 1937
680 T6 Dec 1895 T6-4 Jun 1937
681 T6 Dec 1895 T6-5 Jun 1943
682 T6 Dec 1895 T6-6 Jun 1936
683 T6 Mar 1896 T6-7 Aug 1933
684 T6 Mar 1896 T6-8 May 1940
685 T6 May 1896 T6-9 Feb 1936
686 T6 May 1896 T6-10 May 1936
#  Between 1923 and 1928 SR numbers were the L&SWR numbers with the added prefix 'E', although the prefix may not have been removed until some time later!

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This page was created 21 December 2010

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