SEmG

LB&SCR E1 Class

2128
photograph: Mike Morant collection.

E1 class Nº2128 is seen here at Bricklayers Arms during Southern Railway days.

 
William Stroudley's class E 0-6-0 tank engine of 1874 was conceived as a larger, goods, version of his successful "Terrier". Cylinders, motion and boiler were the same as in his D Class 0-4-2 passenger tanks, with variations for the last seven. Nº133 was built in October 1878 and given the name Picardy, in keeping with the rest of the class whose names were all taken from places in Europe. Members of this class had a mixed life expectancy, the first to be scrapped being Nº148 Vienna, built in 1890 and scrapped in 1911. Others, such as 133, continued a long and successful career with quite a number lasting into British Railways days. The last six engines were built by RJ Billinton and were slightly different in that the dome was moved to the second ring of the boiler and a manhole cover, with whistle, was fixed over the firebox. These six were also given different chimneys, to Billinton's design, (a cast-iron type in one piece) and were known as Class E1, subsequently all the earlier engines also became known as Class E1. Working most of their post-1923 lives on the Brighton section, a few went to work at Southampton Docks, the Isle of Wight and some, after conversion to Class E1/R Radial 0-6-2T in Southern Railway days, to the Torrington-Halwill line of the North Devon & Cornwall Junction Light Railway.
 
E1 class Nºs2133 is seen here in very early British Railways livery.

photograph from the Richard Huelin collection.

s2133
 
2122 A grubby-looking Nº2122 in Southern uniform. This view shows off the typical 'Brighton' toolbox to good effect.

photograph: Mike Morant collection

 
Nºs2133 once again, but this time no longer bearing the legend 'BRITISH RAILWAYS' on her tanks.

photograph: Mike Morant collection

s2133
 
Nº89 Brest was rebuilt in 1911 with new, larger tanks and a new cab and bunker and re-classified as Class E1x. Nº157 Barcelona, the last to be built by Stroudley, was built expressly to work the Polegate-Eridge Line with 18¼ x 26 in cylinders, larger tanks and bunker, a non-standard boiler and air and wheel reversing gear and was officially classified as being "E Special". Nº96Salzberg suffered the indignity of an incorrect name, the Austrian city that she was named after is, of course, Salzburg.
 
w2 This photograph of IoW E1 NºW2 was taken at Newport MPD in 1950 which, despite the apparent condition of the loco, was long before the engine's withdrawal in 1956. This is another good view of the typical "Brighton" toolbox.

photograph: W.J.Wyse/Mike Morant collection

 

Technical Details

  • Introduced: November 1874
  • Driving Wheel: 4 ft 6 ins
  • Length: 32 ft 4½ ins
  • Total Weight: 44 tons 3 cwt
  • Water Capacity: 900 gals
  • Cylinders (2): 17 in x 24 in
    (Nº157 had 18 ¼ x 26 in)
  • Boiler Pressure: 160 lb sq in
  • Tractive Effort: 17,500 lb
  • Coal Capacity: 1 ton 10 cwt
  • Power Classification: 2-F
 
The LBSC was better than the other Southern Companies in keeping locomotive classes more or less in consecutive numbers, but they could issue these numbers somewhat randomly! Though not as bad as the "Terriers", the E1s were no exception. The following table is set out in order of build:
Early LBSC Nº Later LBSC Nº SR Nº # BR Nº Name ¶ Built Remarks
97 - 2097 32097 Honfleur Nov 1874 Wdn Dec 1949
98 - - - Marseilles Nov 1874 Wdn Mar 1913
99 610 2610 32610 Bordeaux Dec 1874 Removed from Capital Stock 1911 and lettered 'Loco. Dept. Brighton'. Returned to Capital Stock as Nº610 1922. Rebuilt as E1/R 0-6-2T Jan 1929
100 692 B692 - Calvados Apr 1875 Wdn Nov 1926
101 693 B693 - Orleans Apr 1875 Wdn Dec 1924
102 694 2694 32694 Cherbourg Apr 1875 Withrawn 1961
103 695 2695 32695 Normandy Oct 1876 Rebuilt as E1/R 0-6-2T Oct 1928
104 696 2696 32696 Brittany Oct 1876 Rebuilt as E1/R 0-6-2T Dec 1928
105 697 2697 32697 Morlaix Oct 1876 Rebuilt as E1/R 0-6-2T Jan 1929
106 606 2606 32606 Guernsy Oct 1876 Wdn Jul 1956
107 607 2607 - Alderney Nov 1876 Bought by Hartley Main Colliery Feb 1934
108 608 2608 32608 Jersey Nov 1876 Rebuilt as E1/R 0-6-2T Nov 1928
109 609 2609 - Strasbourg Mar 1877 Wdn Jun 1948
110 - B110 - Burgundy Mar 1977 Bought by Rugeley Colliery Feb 1927
111 611 2611 - Montpelier Mar 1877 Removed from Capital Stock 1911 and lettered 'Loco. Dept. New Cross'. Returned to Capital Stock as Nº611 1922. Wdn May 1932
112 - 2112 32112 Versailles Apr 1977 Wdn Dec 1949
113 - 2113 32113 Granville/Durdans Apr 1877 Re-named Durdans Dec 1893. Wdn Sep 1958
114 - - - Trouville May 1877 Wdn Feb 1913
115 - - - Lorraine Jun 1877 Wdn Nov 1913
116 - B116 - Touraine Jun 1877 Wdn Feb 1926
117 - - - Florence Aug 1977 Wdn Apr 1913
118 - - - Trocadero Aep 1877 Wdn Oct 1913
119 - - - Rochelle Sep 1877 Wdn Apr 1913
120 - - - Provence Sep 1877 Wdn Apr 1925
121 - - - Verona Jul 1878 Wdn May 1913
122 - 2122 - Leghorn Aug 1878 Wdn May 1948
123 - - - Seine Aug 1878 Wdn Jul 1925
124 - 2124 32124 Bayonne Aug 1878 Rebuilt as E1/R 0-6-2T Dec 1928
125 - - - Navarre Aug 1878 Wdn Feb 1926
126 - - - Gascony Aug 1878 Wdn Aug 1925
127 - 2127 - Poitiers Oct 1878 Wdn Dec 1949
128 - 2128 32128 Avignon Oct 1878 Wdn Feb 1952
129 - 2129 32129 Alençon Oct 1878 Wdn Jun 1957
130 - - - Rennes Oct 1878 Wdn May 1913
131 - B131/W4 W4 Gournay/Wroxall Oct 1878 To IoW Jun 1933. Wdn 20 Oct 1960
132 - - - Epernay Oct 1878 Wdn Apr 1926
133 - 2133 32133 Picardy Oct 1878 Wdn Nov 1952
134 - - - Ancona Dec 1878 Wdn Apr 1913
135 - 2135 32135 Foligno Dec 1878 Rebuilt as E1/R 0-6-2T Nov 1928
136 - B136/W1 W1 Brindisi/Medina Dec 1878 To IoW Jun 1932. Wdn 17 Jun 1957
137 - B137 - Dijon Dec 1878 Wdn Feb 1933
138 - 2138 32138 Macon Dec 1878 Wdn Oct 1956
139 - 2139 32139 Lombardy Mar 1879 Wdn Jan 1959
140 - - - Toulouse Mar 1879 Wdn Dec 1925
141 - 2141 - Mentone Mar 1879 Wdn Oct 1949
142 - 2142 32142 Toulon Mar 1879 Wdn Oct 1950
143 - 2143 - Nuremberg Mar 1879 Bought by Hartley Main Colliery Feb 1936
144 - 2144 - Chambrey Apr 1879 Wdn Apr 1936
145 - 2145 32145 France Oct 1880 Wdn Jun 1951
146 - - - Havre Oct 1880 Sold Oct 1908
147 - 2147 32147 Danube Oct 1880 Wdn Nov 1951
148 - - - Vienna Oct 1880 Wdn Mar 1911
149 - - - Lucerne Oct 1880 Wdn Sep 1913
150 - - - Adriatic Nov 1880 Wdn Oct 1925
151 - 2151 32151 Helvetia Dec 1880 Wdn Oct 1960
152 - B152/W2 W2 Hungary/Yarmouth Dec 1880 To IoW June 1932. Wdn 15 Sep 1956
153 - 2153 S2153 Austria Mar 1881 Wdn Jun 1949
154 - B154/W3 - Madrid/Ryde Mar 1881 To IoW Jun 1932. Wdn 13 Jun 1959
155 - - - Brenner Mar 1881 Wdn May 1913
156 - 2156 32156 Munich Mar 1881 Wdn May 1951
85 685 B685 - Cannes Feb 1883 Wdn Oct 1926
86 686 B686 - Geneva Mar 1883 Wdn Dec 1925
87 687 - - Bologna Mar 1883 Wdn Jun 1925
88 688 - - Rhine Nar 1883 Wdn Jun 1913
89 (E1/E1x) 689 2689 32689 Brest Apr 1883 Re-built as E1x Jun 1911. Reverted to E1 1930. Wdn Feb 1960
90 690 2690 - Berne Apr 1883 Wdn Jan 1950
91 691 2691 - Fisbourne Oct 1883 Apr 1951
92 - B92 - Polesden Oct 1883 Wdn Aug 1936
93 - - - Calbourne Oct 1883 Wdn May 1908
94 - 2094 32094 Shorwell Oct 1883 Rebuilt as E1/R 0-6-2T May 1927
95 - 2095 32095 Luccombe Nov 1883 Rebuilt as E1/R 0-6-2T May 1927
96 - 2096 32096 Salzberg Nov 1883 Rebuilt as E1/R 0-6-2T Oct 1928
159 - B159 - Edenbridge Jul 1891 Wdn Jan 1930
160 - 2160 32160 Portslade Jul 1891 Wdn Oct 1951
161 - - - Aldrington Nov 1891 Wdn Dec 1925
162 - 2162 - Southwater Nov 1891 Wdn Nov 1949
163 - B163 - Southwick Dec 1891 Bought by Ashington Colliery May 1932. Wdn Oct 1954
164 - 2164 - Spithead Dec 1891 Wdn Jun 1948

Class E Special
157 - - - Barcelona Sep 1884 Wdn Jun 1922
# Between 1923 and 1928 SR numbers were the LBSC numbers with the added prefix 'B'
although the new number may not have been applied until some time later
Where a loco is being shown to have been Wdn after a change of ownership and no new number is shown
then that loco didn't carry the new owner's number, e.g. Nº109 didn't carry a BR number
Nearly all LBSCR names were removed in 1906

Bibliography: The London Brighton and South Coast Railway by C Hamilton Ellis
The London, Brighton & South Coast Railway web site by Dave Searle - www.lbscr.org.uk
ABC of British Locomotives 1948
Observer's Book of Railway Locomotives of Great Britain 1958

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E1/R Class

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This page was last updated 7 March 2012

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