Southern Paint

The information on this page comes from The Southern Railways Group and we are grateful to them for permission to use it. The image scans are from photo-copies, which hasn't resulted in the best reproduction, but are hopefully enough to illustrate the painting instructions far better than just words can do.

SR number BS (and undercoat)

Nº1 Light Stone BS381C shade 386 Champagne (BS381C shade 352 Pale Cream)
Nº1a Dark Stone BS381C shade 358 Light Buff (BS381C shade 361 Light Stone)
Nº2 White
Nº3 Dark Green BS381C shade 276 Lincoln Green (BS381C shade 282 Forest Green)
Nº3a Mid-Chrome Green BS381C shade 221 Brilliant Green (BS Nº3A Mid-Chrome Green)
Nº4 Light Green BS381C shade 217 Sea Green (BS381C shade 216 Eau-de-nil)
Nº5 Not allocated
Nº6 Black
Nº7 Pale Green BS381C shade 275 Opaline Green (BS381C shade 216 Eau-de-nil)
Nº8 Grey BS381C shade 652 Dark Admiralty Grey (BS381C shade 693 Aircraft Grey)
Nº9 Red BS381C shade 538 Post Office Red (BS381C shade 443 Salmon Pink)
Nº10 Deep Cream BS381C shade 352 Pale Cream (BS381C shade 384 Light Straw)

Tints and Notes

The approved tints are as under:
Nº1Stone Nº5Purple Brown
Nº1aDark Stone Nº6Black
Nº2White Nº7Pale Chrome Green
Nº3Dark Green Nº8Grey
Nº3aChrome Green Nº9Vermilion (Red)
Nº4Light Green Nº10Deep Cream

All Finishes should only be used with primary coats and undercoats as specified by the makers.
Metalwork should in all cases have three coats of paint; generally speaking the first coat should be red oxide and the other two coats of approved tints except in cases where graphite paint is used or tarring is done.       In particular:-
Steelwork should be free from mill scale, rust and grease before applying the priming coat which should be applied immediately after cleaning down.
Galvanised Iron, Galvanised Steel and Zinc Should be left to weather for a few months before painting. If this is not possible should be first cleaned down with wire wool.
Lead The surface should be roughened and a thin coat of elastic varnish applied before applying the undercoat.
Aluminium Oil bound aluminium primer (zinc chromate) should be applied first, paint havinf a lead base should NOT be used.
Radiators, Heating Pipes etc. Oil bound paints should be used metallic paimts should NOT be used.
Timberwork The number of coats of paint to be given to existing timber work should be decided by the Divisional Engineer.
New Timberwork Three coats at least should be given over and above priming. All knots should receive two coats of knotting first. Loose knots should be cut out and the space plugged with round woods.
Creosote or Bituminous Paint Should not be overpainted until it has received one or two coats of white knorring.
Concrete, Brickwork, Lime, Putty, Cement, Plaster etc. Surfaces should be clean and dry and one coat of approved primer should be applied and left to dry before applying finishing coats of paint or distemper. Many useful hints may be obtained from Ministry of Works Advisory Leaflet Nº1 (1949) "Painting new Plaster and Cement" or from Building Research Station Bulletin Nº2 price one shilling and twopence, post free, from HM Stationery Office.
Walls for Distemper Grease stains should be given two coats of white knotting and one coat of flat white paint before applying distemper, Walls which have been previously distempered with light green distemper such as the upper parts of the walls of Gentlemens Lavatories, etc., which have been tiled under modernisation requirements, may be distempered with an approved cream wash in lieu of the existing light green distemper.
Tarring Two coats of Tar Compound should be given in all cases of the approved mixture in the approved manner.
Graining No further graining work is to be undertaken, but where existing internal work is grained and varnished it may, if in good condition, be cleaned down and revarnished.

All surfaces should be clean and dry before paint is applied.

Painting: Extent and Co-ordination of Work

It will normally be the responsibility of the Divisional Engineer in puruance of the Renovations Programme to co-ordinate the work and effect liaisons bewteen all concerned.
Thus, in order to reduce costs and promote efficiency, the Chief Civil Engineer may, when carrying out such renovations, undertake either by contract or departmentally painting work for other Departments at the request of the Department concerned.
The principal items of responsibility of all other Departments are generally as follows:
     Repair Depots & Works, Control Rooms, Electrical Sub-Stations & T.P. Huts.
     Repair Depots & Works
     Messrs. Smiths & Sons Bookstalls
     G.P.O. Public Telephone Cabinets, Post Boxes, etc.
     British Automatic Coy. Automatic Slot Machines
     Buildings subject to rental agreement (Except Traders Stores) where such buildings are not part of Station buildings:
     Interiors of all rented properties.
SIGNAL AND TELECOMUNICATIONS ENGR. All mechanical signalling items
STORES SUPERINTENDENT: Messrs Pooley's Weighing Machines.
"Station Limits" may be defined as the area between the most distant signals coming under control of the station, but where strict interpretation of this would result in the exclusion of items which should obviously be included, discretion should be used.

All painting shall be finished in accordance with the standard colours as given by the Colour Chart on Information Sheet NºBR(S)/E/1/2


Stations: Platform Roofing
Exterior of Valence: Stone Nº1a
Mouldings on valence: Green Nº3a
Interior of Valence, Underside of roof boarding, Underside of Glazing bars: Stone Nº1
Top side of glazing bars: Stone Nº1a
Platform Roofing Steel work, Principals, Purlins, brackets etc.: Green Nº4
R.W.Ps and gutters: Green Nº3a
Windows: Frames Green Nº3a, Sashes: White Nº2
Steel columns up to underside of longitudinal girders: Green Nº3a
Wood columns up to underside of crossbeams and bracketsL Green Nº3a
Litter baskets: Green Nº3a if not in aluminium paint
Bin: Green Nº3a unless galvanised
Concrete: self colour
Asbestos sheeting: self colour
Timber cross beams, Purlins and Rafters: Stone Nº1
Timber walls: Stone Nº1
Corrugated Iron - underside: Stone Nº1, topside: Grey Nº8
Exterior door frames and skirting: Green Nº3a
Galvanised items litter baskets, bins etc.: self colour
Gutters - exterior: Green Nº3a, interior: grey Nº8

Station Paint


Stations: Platform Roofing continued
Doors and windows in Hardwood oiled and wax polished as above if previously painted: Green no.3a with White no.2 sashes
Columns (cast) to capping: Green Nº3a.
Ornamental cast brackets: Green Nº4
Woodwork underside of canopy: Stone Nº1
Pipes and switch boxes: Green Nº3a

Station Paint


Stations: Waiting room interiors
Walls up to 4ft from floor: Green Nº3a
followed by 2 inch band: Cream Nº10
Followed by 1½ inch band: Green Nº3a
remainder of wall above: Cream Nº10
Radiators and pipes: Green Nº3a
Note the 1½ inch band omitted after 1957

If no picture rail and a coving exists: Cream Nº10
If picture rail exists: Green Nº3a with White Nº2 ceiling above.
Pictures or map frames: Green Nº3

Station Paint


Stations: Exterior of platform buildings
Metal railings in platform areas: Green 3a
Wooden Railings in platform areas: Stone Nº1a
Clocks - if painted: Green Nº3a, if unpainted hardwood to be oiled and polished or re-varnished as necessary.
Timber or plaster walls in booking halls: lower 3ft 6in: Green Nº3a, 2 inch band: Cream Nº10, 1½in band: Green Nº3a, remainder above: Cream Nº10
Poster and notice frames: Green Nº3
Ceilings if not already cream to be White Nº2
Doors and windows: Green Nº3a with White Nº2 sashes

Station Paint


Stations: Public Lavatories
Ceilings and cornices if not in Cream Nº10 to be White water paint or Mill White paint
Underside of glazing bars: White Nº2
Cisterns, if painted: Green Nº3a
Doors and door frames, if painted, to be Green Nº3a
Pipes and pipe casings: Green Nº3a
Metalwork over WCs: Green Nº3a
Screen: Cream Nº10
Screen capping and posts: Green Nº3
Ladies mirror frame, if painted: Green Nº3a
Ladies shelf, if painted: Green Nº3a

Station Paint


Painting: Station exteriors
Metal Windows: White Nº2
Timber Windows: Frames Green Nº3a, Sashes White Nº2
Flag Poles: White Nº2
Flag Pole supports, if painted: Green Nº3a
Handrails, Fire escapes and etc.: Green Nº3a
Doors, if painted: Green Nº3a, if unpainted hardwood to be re-oiled or varnished
Door frame: Green Nº3a
Timber Boarding to walls: Stone Nº1a
Timber skirting: Green Nº3a
RWPs and Gutters: Green Nº3a
Poster and Notice Boards: Green Nº3
Metal Lamp fittings: Green Nº3a
Handrails and fire escapes: Green Nº3a

Station Paint


Painting: Signals
S&T to be responsible for painting signal arms (wooden) not the Civil Engineer's dept.
Enamelled signal boards not to be painted.
CLS Display Shields: Matt Black
Backs of CLS Display Shields: Grey Nº8
CLS metal posts: Grey Nº8
Ground Signal casing: Grey Nº8
Route Indicator casing: Grey Nº8
Route Indicator inside head: Matt Black
Gantry steelwork and decking: Grey Nº8
Ladders and Handrails: Grey Nº8
Bottom six feet of post: Black, rest White Nº2.
Spectacle Plates, Brackets and other iron work: Grey Nº8
Lamp Cases: Black Nº6
Dolls on semaphore gantry signals: WhiteNº2
Battery and test boxes etc. on gantries: Grey Nº8
Limit of Shunt posts: Grey Nº8
NOTE Concrete Signal Posts are not painted

Signals Paint


Painting: Signal Boxes etc.
Signalbox Name Letters standing out: Green Nº3a
Concrete Signalbox Name background: White "Snowcem"
Brick and wooden Signalbox Name background: White Nº2
Corner Posts: Green Nº3a
Gutters and RWPs: Green Nº3a
Barge boards, Gutter boards and brackets: Stone Nº1a
Window Frames: Green Nº3a
Sashes: White Nº2
Door: Green Nº3a
Handrails, brackets and posts: Green Nº3a
Handrail posts: Stone Nº1a
Stove Pipe: Grey Nº8
Finials: Stone Nº1a
Ground frames in the open: Casing: Grey Nº
Fog Signal Levers casing: Grey Nº8
Interiors. Ceilings: White
Sashes White Nº2
Walls: All plaster or woodwork from floor to dado: Green Nº3a. Above dado Stone Nº1

Signal Boxes etc Paint
Note states that Colours of levers and plates with lettering and figures ARE NOT PAINTED OUT OR ALTERED.


Painting :
Wicket Gate. To be painted similar colour to adjacent fencing usually Stone No 1 with Metal Hinges, Lock etc.: Black Nº6. Concrete Postas are not painted
Open Pale Gate. To be painted similar colour to adjacent fencing usually Stone No 1, all Metal Fittings: Black Nº6. Concrete Posts are not painted
Metal Gates: all Green Nº3a if not previously tarred or galvanized. Concrete Postas are not painted
Level Crossing Gates: Gate and wire mesh to be White Nº2 all other metal fittings to be Black Nº6 except Red target.
Lamp casing: Red Nº9
Lamp Circular Plate: Red Nº9
Target if not enamel plate: Red Nº9
Wicket gates: White Nº2
Standard Timber Gate: All Stone Nº1, Metal Fittings Black Nº6

Gates Paint
(Where these Standard Timber Gates are used at certain Crossings etc. it is left to the discretion of the Divisional Engineer as to whether White Nº2 should be used in place of Stone Nº1


Painting: Posts: Mile, Gradient etc.
All types of mile posts (concrete, iron or wood) to be painted White with black figures
Metal Mile Posts: Border of figure plates: Black
Gradient posts Timber - Letters and figures: White, arms and post: Green no.3a
Timber Gradient Posts: Letters and Figures Nº2, Arms and Post GreenNº3a
Metal Gradient Posts: Letters, Figs and Border: White Nº2, Arms, Post Green Nº3a.
Concrete Gradient Posts: Letters and Figures: Green no.3a
Divisional Boundary Post: Letters and Top: White Nº2, Face Green Nº3a
Gang Length Posts: White. Where this boundary occurs at a Mile Post, a Red Nº9 bead should be painted immediately under the plate
Large Boundary Post: Letters Nº2, Post Green Nº3a
Small Boundary Post: Red Nº9
Stopping Post: Post Green Nº3a
Timber Coasting Board: Post Green Nº3a
Metal Coasting Biard: Grey Nº8. In vicinity of Stations Green Nº3a if not tarred
Metal Bridge Numbers: Figures and border: White Nº2, Plate: Green Nº3a
Concrete Bridge Numbers: Figures: Green Nº3a
Perforated Metal Bridge Numbers: All White Nº2
Metal Lamp Posts: All Green Nº3a
Concrete Lamp Posts: Only metal fittings to be painted: Green Nº3a

Posts Paint


Painting: Advertisement Hoardings, Poster Boards. Etc.
Poster Board: Grey Nº8 with 4" border of Green Nº3, Beading: Green Nº4, Plinth: Green Nº3a (If Mahogony plinth and/or top then Mahogony to be scraped and re-oiled or varnished as required)
Hoardings: 4" border Green Nº3 round posting space, Face: Green Nº3a, Moulding surrounds and beading: Green Nº4
If single sided Hoardings, back: Green Nº3a
Wooden Station Nameboards: all GreenNº3a with Metal Name Plate
Concrete Station Nameboards: Wood Fillet: Green Nº3a, concrete unpainted
Frame for Metal Signs: Green Nº3a

Hoardings Paint


Painting: Fencing
Open Pale fence: All StoneNº1a
Close Boarded fence: All Stone Nº1a except top rail: Green Nº3a
Iron Railings and Unclimabable Fence: If not already tarred: Green 3a in vicinity of Stations, Depots or Electrical Sub-Stations etc.
Corrugated Iron: If not already tarred: Green 3a in vicinity of Stations, Depots or Electrical Sub-Stations etc.
Close Boarded (Post & Rail): Creosoted
Post & Rail: Creosoted
Post & Tube: Concrete Posts unpainted, Timber: Stone Nº1a. Tube if not galvanised: Green Nº3a on bridge approaches, White Nº2 including posts if these are of timber
Open Pale and Concrete Posts: Creosoted. If on platforms: Stone Nº1a
Poat & Rail: Creosoted

Fencing Paint


Painting: Noticeboards etc.
Warning signs right. All these Boards to be White Nº2 letters and border on a Red Nº9 ground

Notice Boards
Notices right. All these Boards to be White Nº2 letters and borders on a Green Nº3a ground Notice Boards
Instruction Signs right. Letters White Nº2 on a Green Nº3a ground. Frame and supports: Green 3a
Electrification Notices are of Vitreous Enamel and do not require painting
Notice Boards


Painting: Buildings and Structures

Water taps in carriage sidings painted: White Nº2
All metal lamp posts: Green Nº3a
Only metal fitting to be painted Green Nº3a on concrete posts. ancillary buildings (lamp huts, grounded bodies traders stores staff lobbies
Doors and windows as before
main colour of corrugated iron to be Green Nº3a in vicinity of station otherwise Grey Nº8

Buildings and Structures


Painting: Goods Sheds (Exteriors)
Timber Sheds:
Louvre ventilators Green Nº3a
Window Frames Green Nº3a
Window Sashes White Nº2
Gutters and R.W.Ps Green Nº3a
Doors and Doorframes Green Nº3a
Timber Cladding Stone Nº1a
Vents Green Nº3a
Handrails White Nº2

Steel & Asbestos Sheds:
Boards Stone Nº1a
Gutters and R.W.Ps Green Nº3a
Lamp Tubing Green Nº3a
Steelwork Green Nº4
Doors, Dor and Window Frames Green Nº3a
Window Sashes White Nº2

Brick Sheds:
Gutters and R.W.Ps Green Nº3a
Mouldings Green Nº3a
Valence Stone Nº1
Interior of Valance Stone Nº1a
Window Sashes White Nº2

Goods Sheds


Painting: Buffers
White beam with 5inch Red horizontal band.
All supports to be Green Nº3a in the vicinity of Platforms, elsewhere to be tarred
In vicinity of platform to be: Green Nº3a
Hydraulic buffer casings, pipes etc. to be: Green Nº3a with Red Nº buffers Moving parts are NOT to be painted
Lamp on buffer beams to be: Black Nº6
Target around lamp to be: White Nº2 in sidings, and Red Nº9 in terminal platforms

Buffer Painting


Painting: Fire Appliances
Fire Buckets: Red Nº9 inside, outside and handle.
Fire Buckets denoted FIRE or SAND as required in Black Nº6 (2½" letters)
Fire Bucket Holders: Red Nº9, Hooks and Brackets Black Nº6
Racks for Fire Buckets: Red Nº9, Hooks and Brackets Black Nº6
If Cupboard Tops are Zinc covered then they are not to be painted
Cupboards and Hydrants: Red Nº9
High Pressure Fire Hydrant Plates: Yellow Plate with Black Letters
Low Pressure Fire Hydrant Plate: Red Plate with White Letters
Hydrant Unit Hose Spanners: Red Nº9
Hose Cart all Red Nº9 except Hose and metal fittings for Hose.

Painting Fire Appliances


Painting: Miscellaneous Lineside Fittings
Point Levers: White, but if Point Lever has a counterweight on the lever it is to be painted with a Red 2 inch band around the weight
Point Lever handles not to be painted
Guard Boards for stay wires: White if not already creosoted.
Warning Bell: Grey Nº but Green Nº3a in vicinity of Stations
Water Columns: Grey Nº8 (except bag), columns enclosed in Anti-freeze material not to be painted
Water Tower: All Grey Nº8, except base
Water Gauge: White Nº2 figures on Black Nº6 ground
Point mechanisms and rodding: Grey Nº8
Permanent Speed Restriction Signs, Figures and Arrows: Yellow
Water Taps in Carriage Sidings: pipe and board White Nº2
Point Mechanisms: all Grey Nº8
Battery and relay boxes: Grey Nº8, except in vicinity of Stations when they shall be Green Nº3a
Telephone Cupboards and Shunting Bell: All Grey Nº8 except in vicinity of Stations where they shall be Green Nº3a
Tablet Setting Down apparatus: Corner Posts and Handrailing Green Nº3a, remainder Stone Nº1a
Tablet Picking Up apparatus: Post and Arm White Nº2, leather cushion not painted

Miscellaneous Lineside Fittings


Painting: Cupboards
General use Cupboards: Green Nº3a
Fire equipment Cupboards: Red Nº9
Zinc covered tops: Self colour
Staff Telephone Cupboards: Grey Nº8 except in vicinity of Stations Green Nº3a
Telephone and Shunters Bell Cupboards: Grey Nº8 except in vicinity of Stations Green Nº3a


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This page last updated 17 January 2011

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