|On 4th January 1982 5 "business sectors" were
formally created to run services although infrastructure, etc, remained the
responsibility of the regions. The majority of BR(S) services came under the
control of the London and South East (Passenger) Sector, which covered an
extensive area around London roughly below a line drawn from the Wash to
Portland Bill (not that anyone living at the extremes believed they belonged to
the South East) but also including the former LSWR main line to Exeter. The
LSE sector projected a series of liveries for all its rolling stock, two-tone
brown for main line, two-tone blue for outer suburban and two-tone green for
inner suburban services. Of these liveries only the two-tone brown was ever
applied becoming nicknamed as "Jaffa Cake" due to its wide orange
stripe being sandwiched between deep brown (chocolate) upper and light brown
(biscuit) lower colours. These colours were only widely used on class 309
(Clacton) and class 411 (Hastings refurbished) stock.
Following the appointment of Chris Green as its Director the sector was re-branded on 10 June 1986 amid much publicity as Network SouthEast. In addition to the infamous repainting of lampposts and platform seats to bright red and the proliferation of large digital clocks, plus the relivery of all rolling stock into bright red, white, blue, and grey "toothpaste" colours, all services were organised and branded into sub-sectors. These route brandings changed with time but services run on the former Southern Region were done so (at some time or another) under the headings of:
|South West||South Central||South East|
Solent & Wessex
South Western Lines
Waterloo & City
West of England
|North Downs (Reading to Redhill line)
South London Lines
|Other Network SouthEast sub-sectors||North London Line|
|Thameslink (south of Blackfriars)|
|Other passenger sectors running over the Southern Region were:|
|Intercity||Cross Country (misc. north to south coast services)|
|London and Continental Railway||(Eurostar)|
|Regional Railways||(Wales/west of England to south coast services)|
|The first significant development during this time was the
establishment in 1984 of the Gatwick
Express service using refurbished Mk2 stock. The second significant
development was during 1986 with the reopening of the Snow Hill tunnel between
Farringdon and Blackfriars stations and electrification provided by third rail.
This allowed for the first time in many years frequent through London services,
the early boundaries being Bedford in the north and Brighton in the south with
many shorter journeys in between. These services were run under the branding
of "Thameslink" using new dual voltage (750v DC third rail / 25kV AC
overhead) class 319 units. These
services proved to be a considerable success prompting pressure for more of
such innovations, and we are still waiting for them.
On 29th April 1991 under the British Rail "Organisation for Quality" restructuring the regional structure was dissolved and full responsibility for all aspects of organisation and running the railway passed to the business sectors. Under Network SouthEast the former Southern Region was split into three divisions largely corresponding to the former BR(S) sections and the SR divisions. The South West and South East divisions were headquartered at Waterloo (but with temporary accommodation in the Blackfriars Road whilst office accommodation at Waterloo was refurbished). The South Central division was headquartered at Stephenson House in Croydon. Route brandings for each division remained as in the above table.
The Waterloo and City line was sold to London Underground Limited in 1994 in preparation for the privatisation of the railways as it was not thought viable to be part of a Train Operating Company franchise.
Also in preparation for the privatisation in 1995 shadow
franchises were formed out of the divisions, the shadow franchises applicable
to the former Southern region being:
This page only includes details of the passenger sectors as the author does not feel qualified to compile a definitive list of freight sectors that actually operated on the Southern Region. If you can provide accurate details of which freight sectors operated in the south please contact the webmaster .
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This page was last updated 3 December 2002